This information is provided for informational and educational purposes only. It is not to be construed as, nor is it intended to be, professional treatment advice on medical, legal, technical or therapeutic matters.

You should not use the information contained in these pages to replace personal psychological care or medical attention, if needed.

Many medical conditions have symptoms that are similar to psychological disorders and it is always good judgment to have a medical checkup as a first step.

If you are, or have been, in professional counseling or treatment and any information given in this site is contrary to advice you have received, you should consult your therapist or doctor.

By using and accessing the information on this site, you agree to waive any rights to hold the site developer, or any individual and/or group associated with this site, liable for any damage that may result from the use of the information presented here.

The copyright of the contents, design, text and images on this web site is owned by Dr. Thomas Houle or the individual copyright owners as noted elsewhere. You may not download and reprint information from this web site for any purposes without specific permission from the copyright owner.

©2023. Dr. Thomas A. Houle. All rights reserved.